Data Handling in FairRoot

General information

Data sources

Unpacking and analysis of experimental data is to be performed using an instance of the FairRunOnline class.

Multiple types of data source (remote-event-server, local LMD file, etc.) are supported by deriving from the base abstract class FairSource. Such derived objects (FairRemoteSource, FairLmdSource) have to override following member functions:

virtual Bool_t Init(); // initialisation of the source
virtual Int_t ReadEvent(); // data parsing
virtual void Close(); // close file, socket, etc.

The instance of a source is the parameter in the standard constructor of FairRunOnline.


A detector-specific unpacker (derived from the abstract class FairUnpack), parses and converts data subset from a source into ROOT objects. Unpacker has to override member functions:

virtual Bool_t Init(); // initialisation
virtual Bool_t DoUnpack(Int_t *data, Int_t size); // data - pointer to an MBS sub-event, size - data size in double words
virtual void Reset(); // clear data structures
virtual void Register(); // register data structures (using FairRootManager)

MBS parameters of a detector (type, sub-type, crate, etc.) have to be set in the call to standard constructor of the FairUnpack. Using values of these parameters, the framework takes care of matching between sub-events in the data stream and user-specified unpackers.

Unpackers, created in the macro, are to be added to the source using FairSource::AddUnpacker(FairUnpack*) member function.


Data will be stored in ROOT tree with branches defined in Register() of an unpacker class:

fRawData = new TClonesArray("R3BLandRawHit");
FairRootManager* fMan = FairRootManager::Instance();
fMan->Register("LandRawHit", "Land", fRawData, kTRUE);

Using the task mechanism of FairRoot, one can perform further data analysis on the fly or in a separate macro. In the Init() member function of an analysis task one should use:

FairRootManager* fMan = FairRootManager::Instance();
fLandRawHit = (TClonesArray*)fMan->GetObject("LandRawHit");

Steering macro

1. Create data source

Reading from a local lmd-file:

FairLmdSource* source = new FairLmdSource();

Connecting to the remote-event-server:

FairRemoteSource* source = new FairRemoteSource("node_name");

"node_name" - name of the machine with running remote-event-server (mrevserv64)

2. Create unpacker(s) and add them to source

// NeuLAND MBS parameters -------------------------------
Short_t type = 94;
Short_t subType = 9400;
Short_t procId = 10;
Short_t subCrate = 1;
Short_t control = 3;
R3BLandUnpack *unpacker = new R3BLandUnpack("", type, subType,
procId, subCrate, control);

3. Steering object and run-time database

FairRunOnline* run = new FairRunOnline(source);
FairRuntimeDb* rtdb = run->GetRuntimeDb();
Bool_t kParameterMerged = kTRUE;
FairParRootFileIo* parOut = new FairParRootFileIo(kParameterMerged);
Int_t nEvents = 1000;
run->Run(nEvents, 0);

In case a negative value is set in number of events, the event loop will continue until end of file is reached, or until CTRL+C interrupt is detected (e.g. when using remote-event-server as a data source).